Surveys of the bee (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) community in northern hardwood forest and wildlife clearings using pan traps

Sampling event
Latest version published by Vermont Center for Ecostudies on Mar 7, 2023 Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Publication date:
7 March 2023
CC-BY 4.0

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Two year study of bees in wildlife clearing and adjacent Mesic Red Oak Northern Hardwood Forests of the Merck Forest and Farmland Center. Bee bowls were deployed at 15 sites in early May of 2020 and 2021. Sites were either at the edge of wildlife clearings or at predetermined distances from these clearings within the Mesic Red Oak Northern Hardwood Forest natural community.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 28 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Hardy S, Duclos T, Veit M, Milam J (2023): Surveys of the bee (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) community in northern hardwood forest and wildlife clearings using pan traps. v1.4. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Samplingevent.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d6a5709f-1de0-4963-b9f9-a882026a968c.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.




Spencer Hardy
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Tim Duclos
  • Originator
Ecologist and Conservation Manager
Merck Forest & Farmland Center
Michael Veit
  • Originator
Joan Milam
  • Originator
Adjunct Research Fellow
University of Massachusetts,

Geographic Coverage

Merck Forest & Farmland Center, Vermont, USA

Bounding Coordinates South West [43.209, -73.213], North East [43.405, -72.949]

Taxonomic Coverage


Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2020-05-02 / 2021-05-14

Project Data

Title Vermont Atlas of Life
Identifier VAL
Study Area Description Vermont, USA
Design Description

The personnel involved in the project:

Kent McFarland

Sampling Methods

14 sites were surveyed once in 2020 and once 2021. Surveys consisted of 15 bee bowls (5 yellow, 5 white, 5 blue) that were deployed for 24 hours on a warm and clear day.

Study Extent All sampling occurred within, or adjacent to, Mesic Red Oak Northern Hardwood Forests at Merck Forest and Farmland Center. All sampling was done in May, before spring leaf out (canopy closure).
Quality Control All determinations were done by Spencer Hardy, Joan Milam, and Michael Veit

Method step description:

  1. Survey locations were pre-determined using QGIS and a natural community map of Merck Forest and Farmland Center. Three sites were placed on the edge of wildlife clearings, 3 at 75 meters from these clearings, 4 at 150 meters, and 4 at >300 meters within the forest.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers d6a5709f-1de0-4963-b9f9-a882026a968c