Native Bee Inventory of Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge

Sampling event
Latest version published by Vermont Center for Ecostudies on Mar 7, 2023 Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Publication date:
7 March 2023
CC-BY 4.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 151 records in English (37 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (8 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)


The Vermont Center for Ecostudies in cooperation with US Fish and Wildlife Service surveyed the wild bee communities of Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge beginning in the fall of 2020. The goal of this USFWS funded project was to create baseline knowledge of the wild bees within the refuge and provide management recommendations where appropriate.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 151 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Hardy S, Sharp N, Sefchick J, Veit M (2023): Native Bee Inventory of Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge. v1.9. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Samplingevent.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 0a4996f4-f2ec-471e-ad46-43e04df1f0d4.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.




Spencer Hardy
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Nathaniel Sharp
  • Originator
Field and Data Technician
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Judy Sefchick
  • Originator
Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge
Michael Veit
  • Originator

Geographic Coverage

Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge, Vermont, USA

Bounding Coordinates South West [44.908, -73.231], North East [45.017, -73.08]

Taxonomic Coverage


Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2020-08-13 / 2022-12-01

Project Data

Title Vermont Atlas of Life
Identifier VAL
Study Area Description
Design Description

The personnel involved in the project:

Kent McFarland

Sampling Methods

Sampling consisted of a mix of bee bowls, netting, and field identifications. Not all bees seen were collected. Collections were focused on specious groups that aren't field identifiable.

Study Extent From August of 2020 through 2021, specimens were collected on 30 different days with additional surveys planned for 2022. All records are from within Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge or adjacent wetlands
Quality Control All specimens were ID'd by Spencer Hardy or Michael Veit. Field IDs were only included if confidently identified.

Method step description:

  1. NA

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 0a4996f4-f2ec-471e-ad46-43e04df1f0d4