Pilot Study of Wild Bees in Working Sugar Maple Stands

Sampling event
Latest version published by Vermont Center for Ecostudies on Mar 7, 2023 Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Publication date:
7 March 2023
CC-BY 4.0

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Data as a DwC-A file download 24 records in English (9 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
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This was a pilot study of native bee communities in sugar maple stands that are used to harvest sap for syrup production in northern Vermont, USA. Sampling was part of a larger project: Evaluating the Efficacy of Audubon Vermont’s Bird-Friendly Maple: Can Managing Sugarbushes for Birds Provide Additional Benefits to Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, and Forest Resilience? Work for this data set was partially funded by the Northeastern States Research Cooperative (NSRC). More information can be found at https://nsrcforest.org/project/evaluating-efficacy-audubon-vermont%E2%80%99s-bird-friendly-maple-project-sugarbushes.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 24 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Hardy S, Sharp N, Veit M, Faccio S (2023): Pilot Study of Wild Bees in Working Sugar Maple Stands. v1.5. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://ipt.vtatlasoflife.org/resource?r=maple&v=1.5


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 22ba1903-ed9d-4ae2-9edb-dcab0dc3b220.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF-US.




Spencer Hardy
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • User
  • Point Of Contact
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Nathaniel Sharp
  • Content Provider
Field and Data Technician
Vermont Center of Ecostudies
Michael Veit
  • Originator
Steve Faccio
  • Originator
  • Principal Investigator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Nathaniel Sharp
  • Content Provider
Data Technician
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Steve Hagenbuch
  • Principal Investigator
Brendan Fisher
  • Principal Investigator
University of Vermont
Liza Morse
  • User
PhD Graduate Student
University of Vermont
Anthony D'Amato
  • Principal Investigator
University of Vermont

Geographic Coverage

Northern Vermont, USA

Bounding Coordinates South West [44.095, -73.323], North East [45.004, -71.84]

Taxonomic Coverage


Infraorder Anthophila (Bees)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2021-04-27 / 2021-05-20

Project Data


Title Vermont Atlas of Life
Identifier VAL

The personnel involved in the project:

Kent McFarland

Sampling Methods

Three locations at each sugar maple stand were surveyed using 15 bee bowls each (5 white, 5 blue, 5 yellow). Bee bowls were set on the forest floor 3-5 meters apart along a transect through mixed hardwood forest. Bowls were left for the equivalent of a full day, either from early morning to early evening, or for 24 hours. All bees caught were pinned, labeled, and identified as part of the Vermont Wild Bee Survey at the Vermont Atlas of Life.

Study Extent Seven working sugar maple stands in northern Vermont. Six sites were surveyed once, one site was surveyed twice.
Quality Control Identifications were completed by Spencer Hardy and Michael Veit.

Method step description:

  1. NA

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 22ba1903-ed9d-4ae2-9edb-dcab0dc3b220