Vermont Wild Bee Survey (2019-2021)

Sampling event
Latest version published by Vermont Center for Ecostudies on Mar 7, 2023 Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Publication date:
7 March 2023
CC-BY 4.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,045 records in English (329 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (10 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (9 KB)


The Vermont Wild Bee Survey was the first comprehensive effort to understand the bee fauna for the state of Vermont. Specimens were collected from 2019 through 2021 by a variety of project staff and community naturalists. This dataset includes all records that were not part of a specific study during the survey period.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,045 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Event (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Hardy S, McFarland K, Sharp N, Milam J, Veit M, Richardson L, Droege S (2023): Vermont Wild Bee Survey (2019-2021). v1.18. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Samplingevent.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 6832470a-d8a2-4416-a302-7807295111c1.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF-US.




Spencer Hardy
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Kent McFarland
  • Originator
  • Principal Investigator
Conservation Biologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
PO Box 420
05055 Norwich
Nathaniel Sharp
  • Originator
Data and Field Technician
Vermont Center for Ecostudies
Joan Milam
  • Originator
Adjunct Research Fellow
University of Massachusetts,
Michael Veit
  • Originator
Leif Richardson
  • Originator
Conservation Biologist
Xerces Society
Sam Droege
  • Originator
Wildlife Biologist
US Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Geographic Coverage

State of Vermont, USA

Bounding Coordinates South West [42.699, -73.499], North East [45.089, -71.411]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2019-01-01 / 2022-12-31

Project Data

Title Vermont Atlas of Life
Identifier VAL
Study Area Description
Design Description

The personnel involved in the project:

Kent McFarland

Sampling Methods

This dataset includes both "bee bowl" and active netting surveys. Surveys in 2019 followed protocols from The Very Handy Bee Manual (Droege, 2015). Subsequent bee bowl efforts used the same bowls, but varied the number and duration (recorded in the sampling events).

Study Extent In 2019, sampling effort was focused on 12 "priority blocks" that fell at least partially within Chittenden County. These 5 km X 5 km blocks were designated during the Vermont Breeding Bird Survey and since used for several wildlife atlases in Vermont. Repeated sampling was done by volunteers at three stratified sites within each block from May through August of 2019. From 2019 through 2021, additional sampling was done throughout the state, with a focus on locations that may harbor unique bee species.
Quality Control Identifications done by Spencer Hardy, Michael Veit, Joan Milam, and Sam Droege.

Method step description:

  1. Additional descriptions of methods to be published shortly with an annotated state checklist.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 6832470a-d8a2-4416-a302-7807295111c1